Neuromuscular electrical stimulation and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
are other important methods of orthopedic physical therapy. In these methods, low voltage is applied to the affected area to reduce the severity of the pain and to retrieve the normal functioning of an affected muscle. These electrical stimulations aids in better healing of an affected muscle/joint by improving the blood flow to the affected area.
Hydrotherapy is another technique that includes swimming and other exercises in the pool. These physical rehabilitation processes aid in preventing and dealing with joint and soft tissue injuries.
In addition to that, there are several other physical therapies that come under the umbrella of orthopedic physiotherapies such as jumping type of plyometric exercises, endurance exercises, stretching and flexibility exercises, and mobility enhancing exercises.
Note: Don’t perform any exercise/physical activity without taking consultancy with an expert orthopedic physiotherapist.
Sports Physical Therapy :
It is a special area of physical therapy that includes the treatment of injuries, ailments associated with sports in individuals of all ages.
1) Prevents incidence of injuries in athletes.
2) Promotes relaxation in athletes
3) Retrieves the normal functioning in athletes and bring them back to the sports again
4) Improves the muscle & joint flexibility that is essential for athletes.
5) Helps in designing a treatment plan for sports-inflicted injuries.
6) It aids the athletes in enhancing their cardiac and pulmonary health.
Stages of injury rehabilitation in sports:
There are five keys stages of injury rehabilitation in sports. Obviously, these will be helpful in better understanding how sports physiotherapy works.
Stage 1: Offloading and protection
Stage 2: Reconditioning and protected reloading
Stage 3: Conditioning, strengthening, and improving the sports-associated skills.
Stage 4: Back to sports
Stage 5: Prevention of injury
Note: Don’t perform any sports rehabilitation exercise without proper guidance from an expert sports physiotherapist. An expert can recommend you a well-defined exercise plan.
Neurological physical therapy:
In simple words, this is an area of physical therapy that deals with treating and preventing the physical complications (movement issues, gait problems) caused by neuronal complications.
Basic exercises include in this area are strengthening and stretching exercises. Neurological physiotherapists treat individuals are all ages usually suffering from neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, stroke, ataxia, polyneuropathies, spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injury, progressive neurological conditions, and multiple sclerosis.
Core points of neurological physical therapy:
2) Reduce the physical deterioration caused by neurological conditions
3) Enhancement of the potential
4) To assist children suffering from developmental issues (congenital or acquired).
5) Gait and postural training
6) Restore movement and improve the overall stability of an individual
7) Balance training and reduce the risk of fall down
8) Improves cardiovascular endurance
9) Enhances motor control and motor planning
10) Reduces spasticity
Note: Always perform neurological exercises under the supervision of a professional and registered neurological physio-therapist. Remember, physical therapy only reduces the severe symptoms and retrieves the normal functioning of an individual.
It is another important area of physical therapy that includes the rehabilitation, prevention, and compensation of individuals suffering from cardio-respiratory diseases. The basic purpose of cardio-respiratory physical therapy is to enhance the health of the heart and lungs, reduce the breathing efforts, and improve the affected areas of lungs (collapsed regions), evacuation of inflammatory exudates present in the lungs, reducing respiratory airways resistance, enhancing the efficiency of gaseous exchange, eliminating any obstruction in air pathways and other chronic respiratory conditions such as cystic fibrosis.
Normally, cardiac rehabilitation sessions include a warm-up and stretching period along with approx. forty minutes of aerobic exercise.
Stages of cardiac physiotherapy:
Stage 1: Heart surgery, angioplasty, and other cardiac intervention that begins in the hospital
Stage 2: Outpatient stage
Stage 3: Maintenance strategy
Important cardio exercises:
Stationary bike riding
Strength enhancing exercises
Note: Don’t perform cardio-respiratory exercises without taking advice from a registered cardio physiotherapist. It can be dangerous for you.